Fighting radicalization to enhance e-strategy for a youth-comprehensive approach towards on-line terrorism

The Rishi order in Jammu & Kashmir

The local response to Hamadani’s teachings came in the form of development of an indigenous religious order, Rishism or Rishi order. The Rishi order grew and developed indigenously in the Kashmir Valley in the beginning of the 15th century.

The movementin the region was started by, Sheikh Nuruddin Nurani, remembered as Nund Rishi by Hindu followers, whose teachings can be described as thoughtful, critiquing the society, and his loyalty was with the Kashmiri peasantry. Unlike the Saints of mainland India, instead of criticizing Hinduism or Islam he affirmed his relations with both, the Quran and Hindu-Buddhist thoughts, promoting the universal language of love and thought of how people of different faiths could live together without any faith-based conflict.

Nund Rishi was particularly influenced by a female revolutionary Hindu mystic of 14th century Kashmir, Lal Ded, whose poetic verses are the earliest compositions written in the Kashmiri language, thus constituting a vital part of the history of modern Kashmiri literature. Indeed, it is between the verses of Lal Ded and teachings of Sheikh Noor-ud-Din that the ethos of Kashmiri plural society lies. Their percepts, verses and sayings formed the core of Kashmiri culture.